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Research assistance, subject guides, and useful Environmental Science compiled by ADU librarians
Last Updated: Feb 21, 2017 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

Research & Writing Print Page

General Writing Resources

·      The Writing Process 

These resources will help you with the writing process: pre-writing (invention), developing research questions and outlines, composing thesis statements, and proofreading. While the writing process may be different for each person and for each particular assignment, the resources contained in this section follow the general work flow of pre-writing, organizing, and revising. For resources and examples on specific types of writing assignments, please go to our Common Writing Assignments area.

·       Academic Writing 

These resources will help you with the types of writing you may encounter while in college. The resources range from rhetorical approaches for writing, to document organization, to sentence level work, such as clarity. For specific examples of writing assignments, please see our Common Writing Assignments area.

·      Common Writing Assignments

 These resources will help you understand and complete specific types of writing assignments, such as annotated bibliographies, book reports, and research papers. This section also includes resources on writing academic proposals for conference presentations, journal articles, and books.

·      Mechanics 

These resources will help you with sentence level organization and style. This area includes resources on writing issues, such as active and passive voice, parallel sentence structure, parts of speech, and transitions.

·      Grammar 

These resources will help you use correct grammar in your writing. This area includes resources on grammar topics, such as count and non-count nouns, articles (a versus an), subject-verb agreement, and prepositions.

·      Punctuation 

These resources will help you with punctuation, such as using commas, quotation marks, apostrophes, and hyphens.

·      Visual Rhetoric 

These resources will help you understand and work with rhetorical theories regarding visual and graphical displays of information. This area includes resources on analyzing and producing visual rhetoric, working with colors, and designing effective slide presentations.


Writing and Research Assistance

  • GCC English Department - provides links to WWW Resources for Writers
  • Dartmouth Writing Program
  • University of Wisconsin-Madison Writing Center
  • Resources for Writers - George Mason University
  • "The Web's largest collection of topics, ideas, and assistance."
  • A+Research and Writing Guide. Provides a step-by-step guide to writing a research paper, research methodology and resources, and links to  OWLS (Online Writing Labs) that provide guides to specific types of papers and essays (e.g., argumentative, narrative, comparative).
  • The Nuts and Bolts Guide to College Writing - a very good source for all aspects of writing, including the mechanics of grammar, types of papers, and citation formats (APA, MLA, Chicago).
  • Annotated Bibliographies (Overview & Examples)
  • Annotated Bibliography Sample from APA
  • Sample Annotated Bibliography Entries in MLA, APA, Chicago (U of Oklahoma CLS)

    Technical Writing in Science and Engineering

    ·         Writing Guidelines for Engineering and Science Students from Penn State

    ·         Help with Technical Writing from the UBC Statistics Department

    ·         Advice on Research and Writing from Carnegie Mellon University



    Writing an Abstract

    Abstracts briefly summarize the main findings of a paper or book. By reading an abstract, the reader can tell whether or not a paper or book will cover the material in which they are interested.

    These sites have good information on writing an abstract:

    ·         Abstracts (good information on types of abstracts)

    ·         Abstracts (good step-by-step instructions)

    ·         How to Write an Abstract (includes good examples)


    Evaluating Resources

     Not all information published in books or on the internet is credible or appropriate for your needs. It is important to make sure the sources you use are credible and at the right level for what you are doing.

    These pages are useful guides to evaluate your sources:

    ·      Evaluating Print Resources

    ·      Evaluating Internet Resources

    ·      Evaluating Print Sources from Bowling Green State University Library

    ·      Evaluating Print Resources from the University of Alabama Libraries

    ·      Evaluating Resources from Duke Libraries

    ·      Evaluating Web Content from the University at Albany Libraries

    ·      Evaluating Web Pages: Techniques to Apply and Questions to Ask from the Berkeley Libraries

    ·      Critical Evaluation of Resources on the Internet from the University of Alberta Libraries

    ·      Checklist for Evaluating Web Resources from the University of Southern Maine



    Citing Sources & Plagiarism


    By listing the sources from which you got your information, you give credit to the people who did the original research. Not giving credit is plagiarism.

    Citing your sources also gives your readers the ability to look at that information and read more about the topic.

    Citation Style Guides from the UBC Chapman Learning Commons, with instructions and examples for citing sources in APA, MLA, and Chicago/Turabian Styles.

    Here is some useful information from the UBC Plagiarism Resource Centre to help you cite your sources:

    ·         How do I know if I'm plagiarizing or not? (how to know whether information should be cited or not)

    ·         How do I cite my sources? (help with formatting your references to the sources you used)

    The University makes Turnitin software available to assist writers in making proper attributions and avoid plagiarism.  Training guides and videos are available at  For information on using Turnitin  Click here go to video tutorials, training guides, and manuals @ Click here to go to  home page.

    Defining and Avoiding Plagiarism: WPA
    You Quote It, You Note It (tutorial)
    How Not to Plagiarize
    Plagiarism: What It is and How to Recognize and Avoid It


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